Monthly Archives: April 2011

MySQL for windows

MySQL also commonly My Sequel is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases.

MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications,widely used LAMP(Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) web application software stack.
MySQL is also used in many high-profile, large-scale World Wide Web products, including Wikipedia, Google and Facebook.

Here will shows how to install mysql on a windows based system.

Installations and configurations

This is an old installations file and now the version is updated.

For server install
___________________
Downloadmysql-5.0.37-win32.zip
Install it c:\programfiles
Start configuration wizard
Detailed configuration/standard configuration – I selected detail
Next
Developer /server/dedicated server – I selected developer
Next
Multifunctional/Transactional/Non-transactional database – I selected multifunctional
Next
Decision support/online transaction/manual settings – I selected decision support
Next
Enable TCP/IP and port 3306
Next
Standard character set
Next
Install as windows service and select command line option

ODBC connection setup
____________________

Server Side:
Start mysql cli and type
Mysql>GRAND ALL ON test .* to ‘myuser’@’client.domain.com’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;
(Means create a database test and grand permission to user-myuser with password-password from client.domain.com system)

Client Side:
Install myodbc-3.51.11-2-win.msi and
Start >setting>control panel> administrative tools>data source>userdsn

Configure:
Data source: any name (I used remote-test)
Server: IP or hostname
User: myuser
Password: password
Data source: test and in connect option port: 3306

Accessing and administration from client side
_____________________________________________
Install mysql-gui-tools-5.0-r-11a-win32.msi to the client system and configure

lighty under windows

Installing lighttpd under windows

Lighttpd is a web server  software.The name itself says is a thin sever.It also called lighty.These are developed under linux.Now available to windows also.In this document i hereby show how to set up a php based small server using lighty as a web server.

1) Download and install PHP
download the zip package and unzip under c:\

2) Download and install lighttpd
Download win32 version and double click the exe for installation.Use default location for installation “C:\Program Files\Lighttpd”.

3) Start lighttpd
To start lighttpd, go to the lighttpd directory (i.e. “C:\Program Files\lighttpd”), find the file “TestMode.bat” and double-click on it. A console window would open and indicate that the server has been started.

To test that lighttpd is working at this moment, point your browser to http://localhost. You should see a Test Page.

4) Edit lighttpd configuration
Edit the file lighttpd-inc.conf (i.e. “C:\Program Files\Lighttpd\conf\lighttpd-inc.conf”) with the following:

* Remove the comment tag for “mod-cgi”
* Add this line
cgi.assign = ( “.php” => “C:/php/php-cgi.exe” )

5) Edit PHP Configurations
In PHP directory, rename the file php.ini-recommended to php.ini and edit php.ini with the following:

* short_open_tag = On
* display_errors = On
* doc_root = “C:\Progra~1\Lighttpd\htdocs”

6) Test PHP pages serving lighttpd
Create a file info.php under C:\Program Files\Lighttpd\htdocs
Edit the file info.php and add
<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Save the file and open up browser type http://localhost/info.php

Will get the php informations.

Now you are ready for serving the PHP based sites.

Apache and Tomcat Under windows

Apache and Tomcat are the web servers from Apache foundations.In this small document shows how to install and configure a web server .

Apache Installation and configurations
______________________________________
1) Create a folder and download msi file from apache download site

2) When started, the Apache HTTP server installation wizard displays a welcome message. Click on the Next button to continue. Next, the Apache license is shown. Read it carefully and if you accept the license, select the “I accept the terms in the license agreement” option and press the Next button.

3) Next enter the server information

4) The next step allows you to select the install type of the Apache web server. The default (Typical program features)press Next.

5) Next, you can select the destination folder of the installation.Default setting: C:\Program Files\Apache Group\

6) When a Windows Security Alert window appears asking if you want to keep blocking this (Apache HTTP server) program.Select “Unblock” .

7) Click the Finished button to close the HTTP server installation wizard.

Note:-Installation time it ask to run the Apache HTTP server as a service. Select as a service ,because you don’t need to start it manually.

Under Apache Folders

Bin Folder :-The bin folder contains amongst other files the server executable: Apache.exe and a program to control the Apache HTTP server when ran as service: ApacheMonitor.exe. Also contained in this folder are htpasswd.exe and htdigest.exe for making parts of your site(s) restricted.

CGI-Bin Folder :-The cgi-bin folder has one CGI program written in Perl, printenv.pl, which you can use to test if your Perl installation is working in combination with the Apache HTTP server. If you get a “500 Internal Server Error” when you enter http://localhost/cgi-bin/printenv.pl in the address bar of your browser, you either have Perl not installed, or the configuration of the web server is not right. You might want to check the error.log file in the logs folder in the latter case.

Conf Folder :-configuration files used by the Apache web server. There is a copy for each files.default in its name, e.g. httpd.default.conf. The main configuration file is httpd.conf.

Htdocs :-Contains the default HTML pages .You can create folders under here.

Logs :-Contains access.log and error.log files.

Virtual hosts
_____________
Creating more web sites using a single IP.

For that we need to edit the httpd configuration file to server virtual hosts.

Add/Edit the following line in httpd.conf file in the C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Apache2\conf folder to include the virtual-hosts.conf file .

Include conf/virtual-hosts.conf

After Include directive to Apache’s httpd.conf need to add virtual hosts to the virtual-hosts.conf.

Either the file virtual-hosts.conf under conf folder or else add the entry in httpd.conf

# Use name-based virtual hosting.
NameVirtualHost *:80

<VirtualHost *:80>

ServerName example.com
DocumentRoot “C:\Program Files\Apache Group\Apache2\webroot”

CustomLog logs  example.com.access.log combined
ErrorLog logs   example.com.error.log

</VirtualHost>

Installation of Tomcat
_______________________
First install java jdk1.5.0_11 to the location (c:\programfiles\java\ jdk1.5.0_11& c:\programfiles\java\ jre1.5.0_11)
Install tomcat to the location (c:\programfiles\apacheswfoundations\tomcat5.5)
Start the service from taskbar icon (it will change to green button) or from program files\apache

Files will be created bin, common, conf, logs, server, shared, temp, webapps, work.
Once the installation over and start server you can access it from local host port8080

Default it is configure only for hostmanager.xml and manager.xml

For accessing admin you have to copy admin tools extract and paste the files here
C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 5.5\conf\Catalina\localhost\ conf/put admin.xml
C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 5.5\server\webapps paste admin folder
After that go to manager reload admin and start. Now you are able to access this.

Creating your own site (new deploying)
______________________________________
Create folder myweb in C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\Tomcat 5.5\webapps
Manager reloads and starts
Access localhost: 8080/myweb

What is a Web Server

Web services,Web server,Web hosting ,is commnly used today in our life.

A web server is the combination of hardware and software to serve pages to viewers upon request.This service is referred to as web hosting.

A unique address to connect internet,and the protocols are using TCP/IP,HTTP.

When a user types human friendly address http://example.com machine traslates to its mapped IP Address.
As stated above the primary function of a web server is to deliver web pages .A web page is a content of documets,images,videos,style sheets and JavaScripts.

There are two components in web services.A Web server and a client.
Client usually web browser.

A client initiates communication by making a HTTP/HTTPS request for a specific resource and the server responds with the content of that resource .This communcations are both the way,down loading the contents as well as uploading the contents.

Commen names in a web services we used
ISP : An ISP is a service provider to host web server or providing iternet services.

HTTP/HTTPS :The data transfer protocol(transferring files text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) used on the World Wide Web
Port is used by HTTP is 80 and HTTPS(Secure) is 443

FTP :FTP works in the same way as HTTP for transferring Web pages from a server to a user’s browser.FTP is most commonly used to download a file from a server using the Internet or to upload a file to a server (e.g. uploading a Web page file to a server).
Port is used by FTP is 21

Web Farms :A Web farm is a Web Site across multiple servers.

Weg Garden : A Web garden allows you to expand a Web Site across multiple CPUs within a single server.
In IIS, Request process by worker process ( w3wp.exe). By default each and every application pool contain single worker process. But An application pool with multiple worker process is called Web Garden.This provide better throughput performance and application response time.

Web cache :A web cache is a mechanism for the temporary storage (caching) of web documents, such as HTML pages and images, to reduce bandwidth usage, server load, and perceived lag. A web cache stores copies of documents passing through it; subsequent requests may be satisfied from the cache if certain conditions are met.

Proxy :The basic term proxy means to do something for somebody else, usually in an authorized capacity. There are in fact two types of proxy servers, a forward proxy and a reverse proxy. A forward proxy is used to support Internet access for a number of clients through a single server for security, caching, or filtering. A reverse proxy is used to redirect requests for a Web site to a number of servers for a client.

WWW :World Wide Web or simply the Web,consists of all the public Web sites connected to the Internet worldwide.

HTML :HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a type of computer language that is primarily used for files that are posted on the internet and viewed by web browsers.

Static and Dynamic :A content is fixed or stationary is called static and the content capble of action or change is called dynamic

Virtual Hosting :This is to serve many Web sites using one IP address.

WEB servers commonly used(free)
These are the servers used more world widely

Apache HTTP server from Apache foundation
Apache Tomcat from Apache foundation
IIS from Microsoft
GlassFish from SUN Microsystems
Jetty from Mortbay consulting
Lighttpd
Nginx
WEBrick from Ruby Developers

Installations
Installations are easy for windows ,a few clicks for the executable forms of packages.

SysAdmins Daily Routine

What is a SysAdmins Daily Routine.

There is nothing more a System Administrators can do his/her Daily Practice.

1) Monitoring CPU,Memory,Disk Utilizations and log files Analisys.

2) Regularly monitoring capturing Network usage.

3) Users Management and HelpDesk Support

4) Monitor Replications ,Taking backup and Implement Securities.

5) Maitaining documentation and Automate the tasks.

6) Update with Technologies and Educating/Training subordinates .

To Improve team efficiencies ,Reduce unplanned outages or unscheduled downtimes ,Improve security create a checklist or runbook.
Which define procedures for starting up/shutting down Services or Systems.
User/Group types of permissions and privileges.
Monitor software licenses purchased and installed.
Maintain programs and operating system updates.
Monitor Database sizes,user permissions.
Monitor web sites are up and running.

Tools can use
System/Network :-Cacti,GFI,Nagios,OpManager,PRTG,Solarwinds etc.
Backup :-Ace Backup,Areca,Bacula,Cobian,Comodo,FBackup,GFI Backup etc

Moving Integrated Zone to Primary zone

1) DNS server currently hosting  Integrated Zones,change to Standard Primary
2) Stop DNS server service on both system
3) Take backup(copy entire %systemroot\system32\DNS) to destination
4) And copy registry content of current DNS server (regedit locate
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CorrentControlSet\Services\Dns\Zones and export key to a registry file
5)import this registry key on destination server and replace %systemroot\system32\DNS
6)shutdown source DNS server and change IP to destnation server and type
“ipconfig/registerdns” to registration of “A” and “Pointer” records
7)If the destination server is a DC type “netdiag/fix”to restart netlogon service and register “SRV”records

Export all records from a zone:Right click the zone and export to a file

NOTE:This do not migrate following DNS settings
Interfaces,Forwarders,Advanced,Roothints,Logging,Security

How to allow a computer to use a different DNS Name

To allow a computer to use a different DNS Name

1)Right click AD users and computers point to view and click Advanced features
2)Right click name of the domain and properties
3)On security tab click add ,click self group add and ok
4)Click advanbced,click self and then click View/Edit
5)On the properties tab in Apply onto click,computer objects
6)Under permissions,click write DNShostname attributes and allow check box

How to configure DNS Dynamic update on multihomed Clients

How to configure DNS Dynamic update on multihomed(more eth cards) clients

1)Right click my network places ,properties
2)Connection want to configure and properties
3)click TCP/IP click properties and advanced and click DNS tab
4)Click clear the Register this connection’s address in DNS

Subnet Mask Information

The following figures may be useful in filling in a IPv4 Address Space Request Form

addrs bits pref   mask

1   0  /32    255.255.255.255
2   1  /31    255.255.255.254
4   2  /30    255.255.255.252
8   3  /29    255.255.255.248
16   4  /28    255.255.255.240
32   5  /27    255.255.255.224
64   6  /26    255.255.255.192
128   7  /25    255.255.255.128
256   8  /24    255.255.255
512   9  /23    255.255.254
1 K  10  /22    255.255.252
2 K  11  /21    255.255.248
4 K  12  /20    255.255.240
8 K  13  /19    255.255.224
16 K  14  /18    255.255.192
32 K  15  /17    255.255.128
64 K  16  /16    255.255
128 K  17  /15    255.254
256 K  18  /14    255.252
512 K  19  /13    255.248
1 M  20  /12    255.240
2 M  21  /11    255.224
4 M  22  /10    255.192
8 M  23  /9     255.128
16 M  24  /8     255
32 M  25  /7     254
64 M  26  /6     252
128 M  27  /5     248
256 M  28  /4     240
512 M  29  /3     224
1024 M  30  /2     192

hosts   subn/c  subn/c  subn/b  subn/b  bits hex-mask dec-mask
strict                   strict

2     64      62    16384   16382     2  fffffffc 255.255.255.252
6     32      30     8192    8190     3  fffffff8 255.255.255.248
14     16      14     4096    4094     4  fffffff0 255.255.255.240
30      8       6     2048    2046     5  ffffffe0 255.255.255.224
62      4       2     1024    1022     6  ffffffc0 255.255.255.192
126      2       0      512     510     7  ffffff80 255.255.255.128
254                     256     254     8  ffffff00 255.255.255.0
510                     128     126     9  fffffe00 255.255.254.0
1022                      64      62    10  fffffc00 255.255.252.0
2046                      32      30    11  fffff800 255.255.248.0
4094                      16      14    12  fffff000 255.255.240.0
8190                       8       6    13  ffffe000 255.255.224.0
16382                       4       2    14  ffffc000 255.255.192.0
32766                       2       0    15  ffff8000 255.255.128.0

TCP UDP Ports Numbers

Common ports numbers using TCP/UDP communications

Ports 0 to 1023
Port Description status
0/TCP,UDP Reserved; do not use (but is a permissible source port value if the sending process does not expect messages in response) Official
1/TCP,UDP TCPMUX (TCP port service multiplexer) Official
5/TCP,UDP RJE (Remote Job Entry) Official
7/TCP,UDP ECHO protocol Official
9/TCP,UDP DISCARD protocol Official
11/TCP,UDP SYSTAT protocol
13/TCP,UDP DAYTIME protocol Official
17/TCP,UDP QOTD (Quote of the Day) protocol Official
18/TCP,UDP Message Send Protocol Official
19/TCP,UDP CHARGEN (Character Generator) protocol Official
20/TCP,UDP FTP – data port Official
21/TCP,UDP FTP – control (command) port Official
22/TCP,UDP SSH (Secure Shell) – used for secure logins, file transfers (scp, sftp) and port forwarding Official
23/TCP,UDP Telnet protocol – unencrypted text communications Official
25/TCP,UDP SMTP – used for e-mail routing between mailservers E-mails Official
26/TCP,UDP RSFTP – A simple FTP-like protocol Unofficial
35/TCP,UDP QMS Magicolor 2 printer Unofficial
37/TCP,UDP TIME protocol Official
38/TCP,UDP Route Access Protocol Official
39/TCP,UDP Resource Location Protocol Official
41/TCP,UDP Graphics Official
42/TCP,UDP Host Name Server Official
43/TCP WHOIS protocol Official
49/TCP,UDP TACACS Login Host protocol Official
53/TCP,UDP DNS (Domain Name System) Official
57/TCP MTP, Mail Transfer Protocol
67/UDP BOOTP (BootStrap Protocol) server; also used by DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Official
68/UDP BOOTP client; also used by DHCP Official
69/UDP TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) Official
70/TCP Gopher protocol Official
79/TCP Finger protocol Official
80/TCP HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) – used for transferring web pages Official
80/TCP,UDP Skype – CONFLICT with HTTP listening ports Conflict
81/TCP Torpark – Onion routing ORport Unofficial
82/UDP Torpark – Control Port Unofficial
88/TCP Kerberos – authenticating agent Official
101/TCP HOSTNAME
102/TCP ISO-TSAP protocol
107/TCP Remote Telnet Service
109/TCP POP, Post Office Protocol, version 2
110/TCP POP3 (Post Office Protocol version 3) – used for sending/retrieving E-mails Official
111/TCP,UDP SUNRPC protocol
113/TCP ident – old server identification system, still used by IRC servers to identify its users Official
115/TCP SFTP, Simple File Transfer Protocol
117/TCP UUCP-PATH
118/TCP,UDP SQL Services Official
119/TCP NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) – used for retrieving newsgroups messages Official
123/UDP NTP (Network Time Protocol) – used for time synchronization Official
137/TCP,UDP NetBIOS NetBIOS Name Service Official
138/TCP,UDP NetBIOS NetBIOS Datagram Service Official
139/TCP,UDP NetBIOS NetBIOS Session Service Official
143/TCP,UDP IMAP4 (Internet Message Access Protocol 4) – used for retrieving E-mails Official
152/TCP,UDP BFTP, Background File Transfer Program
153/TCP,UDP SGMP, Simple Gateway Monitoring Protocol
156/TCP,UDP SQL Service Official
158/TCP,UDP DMSP, Distributed Mail Service Protocol
161/TCP,UDP SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) Official
162/TCP,UDP SNMPTRAP Official
170/TCP Print-srv
179/TCP BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) Official
194/TCP IRC (Internet Relay Chat) Official
201/TCP,UDP AppleTalk Routing Maintenance
209/TCP,UDP The Quick Mail Transfer Protocol
213/TCP,UDP IPX Official
218/TCP,UDP MPP, Message Posting Protocol
220/TCP,UDP IMAP, Interactive Mail Access Protocol, version 3
259/TCP,UDP ESRO, Efficient Short Remote Operations
264/TCP,UDP BGMP, Border Gateway Multicast Protocol
311/TCP Apple Server-Admin-Tool, Workgroup-Manager-Tool
318/TCP,UDP TSP, Time Stamp Protocol
323/TCP,UDP IMMP, Internet Message Mapping Protocol
366/TCP,UDP SMTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. ODMR, On-Demand Mail Relay
369/TCP,UDP Rpc2portmap Official
384/TCP,UDP A Remote Network Server System
387/TCP,UDP AURP, AppleTalk Update-based Routing Protocol
389/TCP,UDP LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) Official
401/TCP,UDP UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply Official
411/TCP Direct Connect Hub port Unofficial
427/TCP,UDP SLP (Service Location Protocol) Official
443/TCP,UDP HTTPS – HTTP Protocol over TLS/SSL (encrypted transmission) Official
444/TCP,UDP SNPP, Simple Network Paging Protocol
445/TCP Microsoft-DS (Active Directory, Windows shares, Sasser worm, Agobot, Zobotworm) Official
445/UDP Microsoft-DS SMB file sharing Official
464/TCP,UDP Kerberos Change/Set password Official
465/TCP SMTP over SSL – CONFLICT with registered Cisco protocol Conflict
500/TCP,UDP Isakmp, IKE-Internet Key Exchange Official
512/TCP exec, Remote Process Execution
512/UDP biff, Comsat
513/TCP Login
513/UDP Who
514/TCP rsh protocol – used to execute non-interactive commandline commands on a remote system and see the screen return
514/UDP syslog protocol – used for system logging Official
515/TCP Line Printer Daemon protocol – used in LPD printer servers
517/UDP Talk
518/UDP NTalk
520/TCP efs
513/UDP Router
524/TCP,UDP NCP (NetWare Core Protocol) is used for a variety things such as access to primary NetWare server resources, Time Synchronization, etc. Official
525/UDP Timed, Timeserver
530/TCP,UDP RPC Official
531/TCP,UDP AOL Instant Messenger, IRC Unofficial
532/TCP netnews
533/UDP netwall, For Emergency Broadcasts
540/TCP UUCP (Unix-to-Unix Copy Protocol) Official
542/TCP,UDP commerce (Commerce Applications) (RFC maintained by: Randy Epstein [repstein at
host.net]) Official
543/TCP klogin, Kerberos login
544/TCP kshell, Kerberos Remote shell
546/TCP,UDP DHCPv6 client
547/TCP,UDP DHCPv6 server
548/TCP AFP (Apple Filing Protocol)
550/UDP new-rwho, new-who
554/TCP RTSP (Real Time Streaming Protocol) Official
556/TCP Remotefs, rfs, rfs_server
560/UDP rmonitor, Remote Monitor
561/UDP monitor
563/TCP,UDP NNTP protocol over TLS/SSL (NNTPS) Official
587/TCP email message submission (SMTP) (RFC 2476) Official
591/TCP FileMaker 6.0 Web Sharing (HTTP Alternate, see port 80) Official
593/TCP,UDP HTTP RPC Ep Map Official
604/TCP TUNNEL
631/TCP,UDP IPP, Internet Printing Protocol
636/TCP,UDP LDAP over SSL (encrypted transmission) Official
639/TCP,UDP MSDP, Multicast Source Discovery Protocol
646/TCP LDP, Label Distribution Protocol
647/TCP DHCP Failover Protocol
648/TCP RRP, Registry Registrar Protocol
652/TCP DTCP, Dynamic Tunnel Configuration Protocol
654/TCP AODV, Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector
666/TCP, UDP id Software’s Doom multiplayer game played over TCP (666 is the Number of the Beast) Official
674/TCP ACAP, Application Configuration Access Protocol
691/TCP MS Exchange Routing Official
692/TCP Hyperwave-ISP
695/TCP IEEE-MMS-SSL
698/TCP OLSR, Optimized Link State Routing
699/TCP Access Network
700/TCP EPP, Extensible Provisioning Protocol
701/TCP LMP, Link Management Protocol.
702/TCP IRIS over BEEP
706/TCP SILC, Secure Internet Live Conferencing
711/TCP TDP, Tag Distribution Protocol
712/TCP TBRPF, Topology Broadcast based on Reverse-Path Forwarding
720/TCP SMQP, Simple Message Queue Protocol
749/TCP, UDP kerberos-adm, Kerberos administration
750/UDP Kerberos version IV
782/TCP Console Conserver (Console Server)
829/TCP CMP (Certificate Management Protocol)
860/TCP iSCSI
873/TCP rsync File synchronisation protocol Official
901/TCP Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) Unofficial
902 VMware Server[2] Unofficial
981/TCP SofaWare Technologies Remote HTTPS management for firewall devices running embedded Checkpoint Firewall-1 software Unofficial
989/TCP,UDP FTP Protocol (data) over TLS/SSL Official
990/TCP,UDP FTP Protocol (control) over TLS/SSL Official
991/TCP,UDP NAS (Netnews Admin System)
992/TCP,UDP Telnet protocol over TLS/SSL Official
993/TCP IMAP4 over SSL (encrypted transmission) Official
995/TCP POP3 over SSL (encrypted transmission) Official
[edit] (Registered) Ports 1024 to 49151
Port Description Status
1080/tcp SOCKS proxy Official
1099/tcp RMI Registry Official
1099/udp RMI Registry Official
1109/TCP Kerberos POP
1167/UDP phone, conference calling
1176/tcp Perceptive Automation Indigo home control server Official
1194/udp OpenVPN Official
1198/tcp, udp The cajo project Free dynamic transparent distributed computing in Java Official
1214/tcp Kazaa Official
1241/tcp, udp Nessus Security Scanner Official
1223/tcp, udp TGP: “TrulyGlobal Protocol” aka “The Gur Protocol” Official
1313/tcp Xbiim (Canvii server) Port Unofficial
1337/tcp menandmice.com DNS (not to be confused with standard DNS port). Often used on compromised/infected computers – “1337” a “Leet speak” version of “Elite”. See unregistered use below. Official
1337/tcp WASTE Encrypted File Sharing Program Unofficial, Conflict
1352/tcp IBM Lotus Notes/Domino RPC Official
1387/tcp Computer Aided Design Software Inc LM (cadsi-lm ) Official
1387/udp Computer Aided Design Software Inc LM (cadsi-lm ) Official
1414/tcp IBM MQSeries Official
1433/tcp, udp Microsoft SQL database system Official
1434/tcp, udp Microsoft SQL Monitor Official
1494/tcp Citrix MetaFrame ICA Client Official
1512/TCP, UDP WINS
1521/tcp Oracle database default listener – CONFLICT with registered use: nCube License Manager Unofficial, Conflict
1524/TCP ingresslock, ingress
1533/tcp IBM Sametime IM Official
1547/tcp Laplink Official
1547/udp Laplink Official
1627 iSketch Unofficial
1677/tcp Novell GroupWise clients in client/server access mode
1701/UDP l2tp, Layer 2 Tunnelling protocol
1723/tcp Microsoft PPTP VPN Official
1723/udp Microsoft PPTP VPN Official
1725/udp Valve Steam Client Unofficial
1761/tcp Novell Zenworks Remote Control utility – CONFLICT with registered use: cft-0 Unofficial, Conflict
1812/UDP radius, RADIUS authentication protocol
1813/UDP radacct, RADIUS accounting protocol
1863/tcp MSN Messenger Official
1900/udp Microsoft SSDP Enables discovery of UPnP devices Official
1935/tcp Macromedia Flash Communications Server MX Official
1972/tcp InterSystems Caché Official
1972/udp InterSystems Caché Official
1984/tcp Big Brother – network monitoring tool Official
2000/udp Cisco SCCP (Skinny) Official
2000/tcp Cisco SCCP (Skinny) Official
2002/tcp [Cisco Secure Access Control Server (ACS) for Windows] Unofficial
2030 Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Unofficial
2031/tcp mobrien-chat – Mike O’Brien <mike@mobrien.com> November 2004 Official
2031/udp mobrien-chat – Mike O’Brien <mike@mobrien.com> November 2004 Official
2049/UDP nfs, NFS Server
2053/TCP knetd, Kerberos de-multiplexor
2082/tcp CPanel’s default port – CONFLICT with registered use: Infowave Mobility Server Unofficial, Conflict
2083/tcp CPanel’s default port for SSL connections Unofficial
2086/tcp WebHost Manager’s default port – CONFLICT with registered use: GNUnet Unofficial, Conflict
2087/tcp WebHost Manager’s default port for SSL connections Unofficial
2095/tcp CPanel’s default port for webmail connections Unofficial
2096/tcp CPanel’s default port for webmail connections via SSL connections Unofficial
2181/tcp EForward-document transport system Official
2181/udp EForward-document transport system Official
2222/tcp DirectAdmin’s default port Unofficial
2427/udp Cisco MGCP Official
2447/tcp ovwdb – OpenView Network Node Manager (NNM) daemon Official
2447/udp ovwdb – OpenView Network Node Manager (NNM) daemon Official
2710/tcp XBT Bittorrent Tracker Unofficial
2710/udp XBT Bittorrent Tracker experimental UDP tracker extension Unofficial
2809/tcp corbaloc:iiop URL, per the CORBA 3.0.3 specification.
Also used by IBM WebSphere Application Server Node Agent
Official
2809/udb corbaloc:iiop URL, per the CORBA 3.0.3 specification. Official
2967/udp Symantec AntiVirus Corporate Edition Unofficial
3000/tcp Miralix License server Unofficial
3001/tcp Miralix Phone Monitor Unofficial
3002/tcp Miralix CSTA Unofficial
3003/tcp Miralix GreenBox API Unofficial
3004/tcp Miralix InfoLink Unofficial
3006/tcp Miralix SMS Client Connector Unofficial
3007/tcp Miralix OM Server Unofficial
3050/tcp, udp gds_db Official
3074/tcp, udp Xbox Live Official
3128/tcp HTTP used by web caches and the default port for the Squid cache Official
3305/tcp, udp ODETTE-FTP Official
3306/tcp, udp MySQL Database system Official
3333/tcp Network Caller ID server Unofficial
3389/tcp Microsoft Terminal Server (RDP) officially registered as Windows Based Terminal (WBT) Official
3396/tcp Novell NDPS Printer Agent Official
3689/tcp DAAP Digital Audio Access Protocol used by Apple’s iTunes Official
3690/tcp Subversion version control system Official
3724/tcp World of Warcraft Online gaming MMORPG Unofficial
3784/tcp Ventrilo VoIP program used by Ventrilo Official
3785/udp Ventrilo VoIP program used by Ventrilo Official
4007/tcp PrintBuzzer printer monitoring socket server Unofficial
4089/udp OpenCORE Remote Control Service Official
4089/tcp OpenCORE Remote Control Service Official
4100 WatchGuard Authentication Applet – default port Unofficial
4226/tcp Aleph One (computer game) Unofficial
4226/udp Aleph One (computer game) Unofficial
4569/udp IAX – Inter-Asterisk eXchange Unofficial
4662/tcp eMule – port often used Unofficial
4672/udp eMule – port often used Unofficial
4894/tcp LysKOM Protocol A Official
4899/tcp RAdmin remote administration tool (program sometimes used as a Trojan horse) Official
5000/tcp Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) – Windows network device interoperability; CONFLICT with registered use: commplex-main Unofficial, Conflict
5001/tcp Slingbox and Slingplayer Unofficial
5003/tcp Filemaker Filemaker Pro Official
5050/tcp Yahoo! Messenger Yahoo! Messenger Official
5060/tcp Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Official
5060/udp Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Official
5061/tcp Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) over Transport Layer Security (TLS) Official
5121 Neverwinter Nights and its mods, such as Dungeon Eternal X Unofficial
5190/tcp ICQ and AOL Instant Messenger Official
5222/tcp XMPP/Jabber – client connection Official
5223/tcp XMPP/Jabber – default port for SSL Client Connection Unofficial
5269/tcp XMPP/Jabber – server connection Official
5432/tcp PostgreSQL database system Official
5500/tcp VNC remote desktop protocol – for incoming listening viewer Unofficial
5517/tcp Setiqueue Proxy server client for SETI@Home project Unofficial
5631/tcp Symantec pcAnywhere Official
5800/tcp VNC remote desktop protocol – for use over HTTP Unofficial
5814/tcp,udp Hewlett-Packard Support Automation (HP OpenView Self-Healing Services) Official
5900/tcp ARD/VNC remote desktop protocol – regular port Unofficial
6000/tcp X11 – used between an X client and server over the network Official
6112/udp Blizzard’s Battle.net gaming service – CONFLICT with registered use: “dtspcd” is a network daemon that accepts requests from clients to execute commands and launch applications remotely Unofficial, Conflict
6346/tcp Gnutella Filesharing (FrostWire, Limewire, Bearshare, etc.) Official
6347/udp Gnutella Official
6522/tcp Gobby (and other libobby-based software) Unofficial
6543/udp Jetnet – default port that the Paradigm Research & Development Jetnet protocol communicates on Unofficial
6346/tcp Gnutella Filesharing (FrostWire, Limewire, Bearshare, etc.) Official
6619/tcp, udp ODETTE-FTP over TLS/SSL Official
6667/tcp IRC (Internet Relay Chat) – port often used Unofficial
6668/tcp IRC (Internet Relay Chat) – port often used Unofficial
6669/tcp IRC (Internet Relay Chat) – port often used Unofficial
6881-6999/tcp, udp BitTorrent – full range of ports used most often Unofficial
6891-6900/tcp, udp MSN Messenger (File transfer) Official
6901/tcp, udp MSN Messenger (Voice) Official
6969/tcp BitTorrent tracker port – CONFLICT with registered use: acmsoda Unofficial, Conflict
7000/tcp Default Port for Azureus’s built in HTTPS Bittorrent Tracker Unofficial
7312/udp Sibelius License Server port Unofficial
8000/tcp iRDMI – often mistakenly used instead of port 8080 (The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (iana.org) officially lists this port for iRDMI protocol) Official
8000/tcp Common port used for internet radio streams such as those using SHOUTcast Unofficial, Conflict
8010/tcp XMPP/Jabber File transfers Unofficial
8080/tcp HTTP Alternate (http-alt) – used when running a second web server on the same machine (the other is in port 80), for web proxy and caching server, or for running a web server as a non-root user. Default port for Jakarta Tomcat. Official
8086/tcp HELM Web Host Automation Windows Control Panel Unofficial
8087/tcp Hosting Accelerator Control Panel Unofficial
8118/tcp Privoxy web proxy – advertisements-filtering web proxy Official
8087/tcp SW Soft Plesk Control Panel Unofficial
8222 VMware Server Management User Interface (insecure web interface)[3]. See also, port 8333 Unofficial
8291/tcp Winbox – Default port on a MikroTik RouterOS for a Windows application used to adminster MikroTik RouterOS Unofficial
8333 VMware Server Management User Interface (secure web interface)[4]. See also, port 8222 Unofficial
8400 Commvault Unified Data Management [5]. Official
8443/tcp SW Soft Plesk Control Panel Unofficial
8767 TeamSpeak – Default UDP Port Unofficial
8888/tcp Sun Answerbook dwhttpd server (deprecated by docs.sun.com) Unofficial
8888 NewsEDGE server (TCP 1, UDP 1) Official
8888/tcp GNUmp3d HTTP music streaming and web interface port Unofficial
9001 Tor network default port. CONFLICT with: cisco-xremote router configuration Unofficial, Conflict
9535/TCP man, Remote Man Server
9535 mngsuite – Management Suite Remote Control Official
9800 WebCT e-learning portal. CONFLICT with registered use: WebDav Source Port Unofficial, Conflict
9999 Hydranode – edonkey2000 control telnet port Unofficial
10000 Webmin – web based linux admin tool Unofficial, Conflict
10008 Octopus Multiplexer – CROMP protocol primary port, hoople.org Official
11576 IPStor Server management communication Unofficial
11371 OpenPGP HTTP Keyserver Official
12345 NetBus – remote administration tool (often Trojan horse). Also used by NetBuster Unofficial
14567/udp Battlefield 1942 and mods Unofficial
15345/udp XPilot Official
16384/udp Iron Mountain Digital – online backup Unofficial
16567/udp Battlefield 2 and mods Unofficial
19226/tcp Panda Software AdminSecure Communication Agent Unofficial
20000 Usermin – web based user tool Official
20720/tcp Symantec i3 Web GUI server Unofficial
24800 Synergy: keyboard/mouse sharing software Unofficial
24842 StepMania: Online: Dance Dance Revolution Simulator Unofficial
26000/udp id Software’s Quake server Unofficial
27010 Half-Life and its mods, such as Counter-Strike Unofficial
27015 Half-Life and its mods, such as Counter-Strike Unofficial
27374 Sub7’s default port. Most script kiddies do not change the default port. Unofficial
27000/udp (through 27006) id Software’s QuakeWorld master server Unofficial
27500/udp (through 27900) id Software’s QuakeWorld Unofficial
27888/udp Kaillera server Unofficial
27900 (through 27901) Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection Unofficial
27901/udp (through 27910) id Software’s Quake 2 master server Unofficial
27960/udp (through 27969) Activision’s Enemy Territory and id Software’s Quake III Arena and Quake III derived games Unofficial
28910 Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection Unofficial
28960 Call of Duty 2 Common Call of Duty 2 port – (PC Version) Unofficial
29900 (through 29901) Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection Unofficial
29920 Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection Unofficial
31337/tcp Back Orifice – remote administration tool (often Trojan horse) Unofficial
31456-31458/tcp TetriNET ports (in order: irc, game, and spectating) Unofficial
32245/TCP MMTSG-mutualed over MMT (encrypted transmission) Unofficial

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