Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)in 2012
AD DS installation process is built on Windows PowerShell, integrated with
Server Manager, able to target multiple servers, and remotely deploy
domain controllers, which results in a deployment experience that is
simpler, more consistent, and less time consuming. The following figure
shows the AD DS Configuration Wizard in Windows Server 2012.
Adprep.exe integration into the AD DS installation process
The offline domain-join feature that was added to AD DS in Windows Server
2008 R2 effectively allows client computers to be joined to a domain
without requiring network connectivity to a domain controller, but the
client computer could not also be preconfigured for DirectAccess as part
of the domain join.
A computer can be domain-joined over the Internet if the domain is
The Active Directory Recycle Bin feature introduced with Windows Server
2008 R2 provided an architecture permitting complete object recovery.
The Fine-Grained Password Policy (FGPP) introduced with Windows Server
2008 provided more precise management of password-policies. In order to
leverage the feature, administrators had to manually create password-
settings objects (PSOs). It proved difficult to ensure that the manually
defined policy-values behaved as desired, which resulted in time-
consuming, trial and error administration.